Notes and Sources

1. Simulations of a Thermostat: Approach to Steady State

2. IGI Thermostat Waxes

3. FAE "Refigeration" of the Internal Combustion Engine

4. Design and Optimization of a Formula SAE Cooling System

5. Radiator and Intercooler

6. Influence of Bellows Setting on Spring Rate

7. Bellows Engineering

8. Development of Analytical Techniques for Bellows and Diaphragm Design

9. WIKA Handbook of Pressure & Temperature Measurement

10. The Automobile, Feb, 1915. First ever thermostat in Cadillac

11. US Patent 1772772 Sylphon radiator shutter

12. US Patent 1784041 Original bellows thermostat patent

13. US Patent 1784042 Original bellows thermostat mounting patent

14. US Patent 1699020 Pines Winterfront thermostat (competed with Sylphon shutter)

15. US Patent 2115501 Original wax thermostat patent

16. IGI Group Thermostat Waxes

17. Vernet/Caltherm

18. Vernay Laboratories flow control systems

19. Vernatherm

20. Sergius Vernet bio (middle of the page)

21. Tu-Poly Thermal Actuators